Rugops

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Learn more about Rugops

Quick Facts
NameRugops
Diet
Weight410 kilos
Length7 meters
Height2.5 meters
Period
Rugops
Human

Rugops was a genus of abelisaurid theropod dinosaur that inhabited Africa approximately 95 million years ago. In 2000, a skull of Rugops was discovered in Nigeria that was a crucial breakthrough in understanding theropod evolution in that area. It was the first abelisaurid dinosaur found in Africa. The name means "wrinkled face" and refers to its numerous impressions in the skull bone from large blood vessels that once ran across the surface of the bone, leaving a wrinkled appearance.

It was a large carnivore, much larger than Spinosaurus, Sarcosuchus and Carcharodontosaurus. It had armor draped over its face, and other bones had many blood vessels that made Dr. Paul Sereno come to a conclusion. Perhaps the extra vessels provide additional oxygenated blood to special facial display features that so far had not been seen in any other theropod. According to Dr. Paul Sereno, the head was not designed for fighting or bone crushing based on the skull discovered. It had two rows of seven holes each, of unknown purpose, which means it had some crest or horns anchored to it. It had short arms that were probably useless in fighting. It was accused of being a scavenger, but in the case of Rugops, this may be an accurate assumption. The teeth appear to be much weaker than those of its other abelisaurid siblings.

Rugops was estimated to reach 7 to 9.1 m in length and 2.5 m in height at the hip just above the head of an adult male and weighed 410 to 750 kg.

What does Rugops mean?

The name means "wrinkled face" refers to its numerous impressions in the skull bone from large blood vessels that once ran across the surface of the bone, leaving a wrinkled appearance.

What did the Rugops eat?

Rugops was a carnivorous dinosaur; however, it was accused of being a scavenger feeding on the half-eaten carcass.

When did Rugops discover it?

 In 2000, a Rugops skull was discovered in Nigeria that was a crucial breakthrough in understanding theropod evolution in that area.

Where did they live?

When did they live?

What was your diet?

Who discovered them?

What kind of dinosaurs are they?

What type of species are they?

  • Sereno, P., Wilson, J. & Conrad, J. 2004. New dinosaurs link southern landmasses in the Mid-Cretaceous. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 271, 1325-1330.
  • Lamanna, Martinez and Smith, 2002. A definitive abelisaurid theropod dinosaur from the early Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. J. Vert. Paleontol. 22, 58-69.
geological time 3

Fun Facts

  • Rugops means "wrinkled face".
  • It was a carnivore but also a scavenger. 
  • It reproduced by laying eggs.
  • He could run as fast as a polar bear.
  • It weighed as much as a rhinoceros.

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